The Yards That Built Liberty Ships
here were eighteen shipyards located along the
Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf Coasts that build Liberty ships. Click on the
name of a shipyard below to read more about that yard.
In the early days of the program it was evident that the sheer quantity of ships was essential and the solution was "ships built by the mile and chopped off by the yard." New shipyards were created by a syndicate formed by Todd Shipyards Inc., and the Henry J Kaiser group.
Once the production lines got under way, the time taken to build a Liberty at Bethlehem-Fairfield dropped to as little as 28 days. On the average, it took 592,000 man-hours to build a Liberty Ship. The construction of one Liberty ship required 3,425 tons of hull steel, 2,725 tons of plate, and 700 tons of shapes, which included 50,000 castings.
The Kaiser Permanente Metals Corp. No. 2 Yard in Richmond, California,
It was felt that if the ship could make more than one trip it would be cost effective. Luckily, the Battle of the Atlantic swung to the Allied side, and only 196 Libertys were lost in combat. Approximately half the surviving fleet was sold at the wars end, and some of those were still in service in the early 1970s some 25 years later.
For more detailed information on the shipbuilding program during World War II and on shipyards that build Liberty ships (as well as other types of ships), including the names and eventual fate of all ships built in each yard, see the links below. These links take you to other websites; Project Liberty Ship is not responsible for their contents.
Watch videos of construction and launches of U.S. merchant ships, including some Liberty ships.
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