S.S. JOHN W BROWN - Introduction
This tour is intended to give you an overview of the Liberty Ship JOHN W. BROWN and some of its contents.
A Liberty Ship is of the single-screw, full scantling type, with raked stem and cruiser stern, the hull is subdivided by seven transverse bulkheads, watertight to the upper deck, providing five cargo holds. The engines and boilers are located amidships in a single compartment.
There are two complete decks, the upper and second. with a flat forward of the fore peak bulkhead between these decks. Deep tanks are provided for water ballast or dry cargo in No.1 hold and for water ballast, oil or dry cargo in No.4 hold. The hull is transversely framed, vertically welded and horizontally riveted.
Liberty Ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. While the original design was British in concept, they were adapted by the U.S. as they were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output.
Based on Ocean-class cargo vessels ordered by Britain to replace ships torpedoed by German U-boats, they were built for the U.S. fleet and for lend-lease provision to Britain. Eighteen American shipyards built 2,710 Libertys between 1941 and 1945, easily the largest number of ships produced to a single design.